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Anesthesiology / Anesthesiologists

Anesthesiology is the science of inducing the state of anesthesia which means temporarily blocking the feeling of sensation or pain. It is done with the help of an anesthetic like different derivatives of cocaine. Once the anesthetic is administered into the body, it could result in different reactions given by the body like, loss of muscle responses, loss of stress response, amnesia, etc. Of course, these states in which the body enters after the anesthetic administration are temporary and reversible. This has a very important usage during surgeries, wherein patients undergoing various surgeries can experience no pain, which they would otherwise experience. 
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Anesthesiology / Anesthesiologists

Anesthesiology is the science of inducing the state of anesthesia which means temporarily blocking the feeling of sensation or pain. It is done with the help of an anesthetic like different derivatives of cocaine. Once the anesthetic is administered into the body, it could result in different reactions given by the body like, loss of muscle responses, loss of stress response, amnesia, etc. Of course, these states in which the body enters after the anesthetic administration are temporary and reversible. This has a very important usage during surgeries, wherein patients undergoing various surgeries can experience no pain, which they would otherwise experience.
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Cardiology / Cardiologists

Cardiology is a medical science that deals with the problems related specifically to human heart. There are various conditions that a human heart could suffer. There could be congenital heart diseases, which affects the structure of the heart and the various vessels related with it, there could be coronary heart diseases which results as a result of deposits in the walls of the arteries of the heart which prevents the flow of oxygen and blood to and from the heart, then there is a chance of heart failure where the blood flow from the heart to the other parts of the body is obstructed, then there could be incidence of disease related to the functioning of the valves of the heart, etc. Cardiology is basically the diag nosis and the treatment of all these heart related issues. 
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Dermatology / Dermatologists

Dermatology means the science of curing the illnesses related to the skin. It does not deal with only the skin but also with the other related parts of the body like the hair, sweat, etc. There are different branches in this medical field being practiced today. 
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Endocrinology / Endocrinologists

Our human body is made up of the endocrine system which consists of the various glands that help in producing different types of hormones. These glands and organs mainly are the adrenal gland, the hypothalamus, the ovaries, the pancreas, the thyroid and the parathyroid, the pituitary glands and the testes. Endocrinology is the diagnosis and the treatment of the endocrine system which basically involves understanding the functioning of the hormones, their functions, their diseases, understanding how to diagnose those diseases and the relative treatments associated with the diseases. The doctors who specialize in this field are called endocrinologists. 
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Family Practice

When any member of your family falls ill, the first person who comes in your mind is the family doctor. These are the general medical practitioners or family practice physicians who not just treat one member of that family but generally look after the health condition of all the family members. He continues to be the doctor of the family for many years and as such knows the family health and illnesses backgrounds very well. For this last reason apart from treating the members for various diseases and chronic illnesses, the doctor can also suggest ways to lead a healthy lifestyle.
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Gastroenterology / Gastroenterologists

Every system in the body could suffer from disorders at some point of time. This s true even in the case of the digestive system, that consists of the stomach, the intestines, the esophagus, the colon and the bowels. This study of the digestive system and its related disorders, its diagnosis and the treatments involved is known as gastroenterology. All types of digestive issues are solved in this field, from ulcers, non – functional digestive system to even different types of cancers of the digestive system.
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Geriatrics

Geriatrics is a medical science that helps in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illnesses to older people. There are special doctors who are experts at taking care of medical problems of older people. These doctors are known as geriatricians. As age progresses the number of diseases a person gets prone to also increases. The nature of these diseases is different from what a person twenty years younger than him might experience. Therefore, old people require different medications, treatments and overall care. Geriatricians are trained to handle such patients. 
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Internal Medicine

Internal medicine is the science that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease that develop in adults. These doctors or internists as they are called are specifically trained to handle chronic adult diseases and even situations where a number of diseases could affect an adult at the same time. Generally the doctors providing internal medicine are general practitioners. However they can also specialize in any of its branches.
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Neurology / Neurologists

Neurology is the medical science that deals with the functioning of the brain and the nervous system. These disorders are related to the nerves along with the blood vessels and the muscles. Nervous disorders are mainly related with disease like migraines, headaches, brain cancer, etc. But the list of the disorders is very lengthy and also includes progressive diseases like multiple sclerosis, disease of the spinal cord and neuromuscular junctions, etc. Neurology is also related to the diagnosis of these disorders which could involve nerve tests, mental strength examination, etc. 
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Obstetrics & Gynecology / Gynecologists

Obstetrics & Gynecology are the branches of medical science that deal with the diagnosis and treatments of problems related with the female reproductive system. The doctors that are experienced in this field are known as gynecologists. They are trained to handle the female system when it is both in the pregnant and the non – pregnant form. Obstetrics & Gynecology cover primary care facilities, emergency medicine and surgical procedures as well. Gynecologists could handle all the issues related to the female reproductive system or could handle just a certain specialization of the same. This field deals wi th the experience of bringing a new life on the earth. Hence pregnant women depend wholly on their gynecologist in order to give them the proper guidance and care. This is the reason why a gynecologist undergoes an extensive training and education before she can start practicing.
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Oncology (Cancer) / Oncologists

When there is an abnormal growth of cells in the body, the patient is said to be suffering from cancer. The science of diagnosing and treating cancer is known as oncology (cancer). Doctors who specialize in this field are called oncologists. Cancer can develop in any part of the body. It can develop in the skin, in the bones, in the brain, in the blood, etc. That is the reason why many oncologists specialize in any particular area of cancer. Apart from the usual medical education they also have to take up internships at institutions that specialize in their areas of cancer treatments.
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Ophthalmology

There are sciences that involve diagnosis and treatment of each and every part of the body. These help in maintaining a healthy body. One such science is ophthalmology which is the science pertaining to eye health. The problems could be anything; from vision related issues to surgeries of the eye. The medical doctors who handle these issues are called ophthalmologists. 
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Orthopedics / Orthopedicians

Orthopedics is that branch of medical science that deals with the diagnosis and treatments of the diseases of the musculoskeletal system which includes part of the body like bones and joints, muscles, ligaments, tendons and nerves. It is this system that helps human beings and most of the animals to move their muscles and skeletal parts of the body. 
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Pathology / Pathologists

Pathology is a branch of medical science that deals with the study and diagnosis of diseases. This can be done in human beings and even animals and plants. The person undertaking this study is known as a pathologist. He works in collaboration with doctors and healthcare professionals to give an in depth diagnosis of the disease so that the correct treatment can be given to the patient. Sometimes pathologists are also involved in criminal cases where there is an involvement of forensic experts.
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Pediatrics / Pediatricians

As the name suggests, pediatrics is a field of medical science deals with curing of diseases and illnesses amongst infants, children and adolescents. And the physician who specializes in this area is known as a pediatrician. Why is there need for different medical science for children? The reason for pediatrics being a completely different branch specifically for children is that, the body structure of adults and children vary greatly and their physiology is also different. the pediatricians are concerned about the overall development of the child and do not restrict themselves to only treating their diseases and illnesses.
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Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation / Therapists

Major surgeries and chronic diseases and their treatments make a patient very weak, physically and mentally. At this point of time he does not have the strength to regain all his normal functions alone. He requires assistant and this is where physical medicine and rehabilitation comes into picture. These are services that help a patient to regain his lost strength and to start performing all his daily functions normally.
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Plastic Surgery / Plastic Surgeons

Plastic surgery is that branch of medical science that deals with the restoration of the physical form and function of the parts of the human body. Although when we hear this name, it is mostly cosmetic surgery that comes to our minds. However plastic surgery goes much beyond that to include hand surgery, reconstructive surgery and even restoration of parts of the body that have been affected due to heavy burns.
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Psychiatry / Psychiatrists

Psychiatry is a branch of medical science that conducts a study of all the mental disorders. The analysis and treatment usually includes understanding the past history of the patient and analyzing his mental status after performing certain physical tests and psychological examinations if required. A doctor who specializes in the field of psychiatry is known as a psychiatrist. Psychiatrists can obtain and interpret the various tests done on the patient like physical examinations, laboratory tests and brain scanning using computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging or positron emission tomography, etc.
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Radiology / Radiologists

Most of the disease that we suffer from can be diagnosed from the symptoms that we show. But others are embedded inside are bodies and show no particular signs or symptoms. In order to diagnose these diseases our body or that particular area which has been affected has to be visualized from within, to reach a perfect diagnosis. The field of medical signs that involves the use of imaging to diagnose and treat diseases which are present in the inner parts of the human body is called radiology.
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Urology / Urologists

Urology is that branch of medical science that focuses on the diagnosis and treatments of the diseases of the male and female urinary tract and also on the disorders of the male reproductive system. The various parts of the human body that urology covers are urinary bladder, urethra, ureters, adrenal glands, kidneys and the complete male reproductive system. A urologist is a physician who is a specialist in this particular field.
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